The Effects of Self-Esteem, Optimism and Emotional Intelligence in Building Resilience among Adults

Shefali Madali and Arvind Kakulte
Sir Parashurambhau College, Pune


Young adulthood is unquestionably a time of growth and gain, but it is also a time of
adjustment and substantial life changes for the majority of people. Resilience is important
in assisting the individual in dealing with these life events in a healthy manner. Resilience
is a cognitive trait that enables people to deal with stress and hardship. It is the mental
reserve of strength that people can draw on in times of crisis to keep them going without
breaking down. The aim of the present study is to try to understand how the factors
self-esteem, optimism and emotional intelligence effect the building of resilience in
young adults. For this study a sample of 100 individuals was studied inclusive of both
males and females from Maharashtra and Karnataka states of India. A correlational
research design was used and responses of the participants was collected on the The
Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA; Friborg et al, 2003), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
(RSE; Rosenberg, 1979), Life orientation test –Revised (LOT-R; Scheier et al., 1994),
The Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test (SSEIT; Schutte, 1998). The results
showed that there is a moderate positive correlation between resilience and self-esteem
(r=0.683), high positive correlation between resilience and optimism (r=0.707) and a
high positive correlation between resilience and emotional intelligence(r=0.752). The
various different ways in which self-esteem, optimism and emotional intelligence can
be developed, which in turn will be beneficial in developing resilience is also studied
with the help of empirical research in the current study

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