Automatic Negative Thoughts and Suicidal Ideation among Visually Impaired Adolescents in Special Education and Inclusive Education Settings

Varsha Gautam and Archana Satsangi
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra


The age of adolescents is still an area to explore as the turmoil of changes brings
curiosity, mood swings, a thirst for defining identity, and much more for the individuals.
In the era of rehabilitation, a new method of education i.e., inclusive education is a
blessing to provide an environment to grow, learn and blossom to the specially abled.
We have another way of education for specially abled in which they study with their
peers having the same limitations. Studies say that these systems of education have a
remarkable impact on mental health such as negative thinking and thoughts of death or
suicide. Automatic negative thoughts are those sudden thoughts that come without giving
signs of arrival. Sometimes they may carry a reason. Suicidal ideation is considered the
tendency of thoughts to consider self–harm/ death as a way to get rid of many issues. A
study was conducted on 149 congenitally visually impaired adolescents having age of
16-19 years, studying in various inclusive and special schools, comparing their Automatic
Negative Thoughts and Suicidal Ideation. Automatic thought questionnaire by Hollen
and Kendal and the Suicidal Ideation Scale developed by Sisodia and Bhatnagar (2011)
were used to get the scores. Mann Whitney U test was computed to get the results. A
significant difference was found in Automatic Negative Thoughts and suicidal ideation
between Visually Impaired Adolescents in Special and Inclusive Schools. No significant
difference was found on the bases of gender

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