Developing Self-care Skills among Intellectually Disabled Children using Scraps as Tools

Smita Kumari
DDRC under SJDW Dept. Vidisha, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh


Developing self-care skills for children with intellectual disabilities and getting readymade tools for the same is a major challenge in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. If
these children are not given continuous therapy, it will become very difficult to develop
self-care skills with growing age. Would it be effective for children with intellectual
disabilities to develop unused items at home as tools that develop self-care skills?
With this aim, experiments on intellectual disabilities were carried out by developing
scraps of newspaper, paper boxes, plastic baskets, soil, and corp. matchsticks as
self-care skill development tools. For this, the Stratified sampling method was used.
Case history and IQ assessment were done and in this research 10 children with 50 to
75% IQ were taken as a sample who had problems with eye-hand coordination only
due to intellectual disability and who could not tie shoelaces and buttons. None of
these children is physically handicapped. In this, children 10-14 years of age were
given skill training for 3 months continuously. The effect was seen through the t-test
using the VSMS psychological test before and after the therapy. As a result, it was
found that after 3 months of continuous use, self-care skills developed positively in the
children even with the use of scraps as tools in therapy. This result indicates that we
can use these scraps as tools for self-care skill development. It is costless materials
and easily available for any class group of people.

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