Parental Rejection as a Predictor of Metacognitions and Psychological Problems: A Systematic Review

Pooja Sharma and Meenakshi Bajpai
Arya Mahila P. G. College (B.H.U.), Chetgan


The current systematic review is concentrated on the role of parental rejection as a
predictor of metacognitions (maladaptive) and psychological problems. According to
the DSM-5, a mental disorder or psychological problem is a syndrome that causes
significant disturbances in behaviour, emotion, and cognition. In the Indian context,
having a psychological problem is perceived with a sense of judgment, and there is a
stigma associated with those who have mental health issues. Parental rejection is found
to be depressingly associated with various behavioural problems in children. Negative
parenting and rejection are major factors that influence the children’s development
and their mental and psychological health issues during adolescence and adulthood.
Metacognitions have been defined as “the information individuals hold about their own
cognition and internal states and about coping strategies that impact both.” Maladaptive
metacognitions and parenting are associated with a variety of disorders, such as OCD
and depression, and individuals with a high level of maladaptive metacognitions are
positively associated with psychological problems (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress).
In summary, parental rejection has profound effects on young adults’ metacognitions and
psychological health in the Indian context. It can disrupt their metacognitive development,
leading to distorted self-perceptions and difficulties in decision-making and selfregulation. Additionally, it significantly increases the risk of psychological problems such
as anxiety and depression. Recognizing the impact of parental rejection and providing
support and resources for young adults can be crucial in promoting their well-being and
fostering healthy metacognitive development. However, in the Indian scenario, the link
between parental rejection, metacognitions, and psychological problems is not very well
identified. Therefore, it is very important to explore this area for the overall personality
development of children or adults

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